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Right Now Times: India-China border dispute: What makes the conflict in the Ladakh region unique?

Right Now Times: Ladakh is known for its natural beauty and intricate terrain, but today it is once again in the news for being the center of an ongoing border dispute between India and China.

The status of the region was changed by India in August last year. The land of Ladakh is considered unique because of its lakes, snow-capped mountains and narrow passages.

It will be difficult for you to understand the details of the ongoing dispute between India and China without understanding the location of this Himalayan region and other ground realities.

Right Now Times: If we talk about history, the giant temple waves rising from the New Tethys Ocean millions of years ago hit the place which is known as Tibet today.

This was the ancient time when the Indian Plate or the Indian subcontinent did not exist on earth.

اکسائی چِن

Right Now Times: Pradeep Srivastava, a scientist at the Vidya Institute of Himalayan Geology in Dehradun, northern India, told me that “the Indian plate came into being 4 to 5 million years ago and collided with the Asian plate and a few other events took place.” Accepted. ‘

As a result of this collision, the Indian plate came to a low level and an entire sea shook from its place. As a result, lakes and rivers came into existence in the region, which were not here before. At the same time, it created a never-ending mountain range that still exists in the region.

Pradeep Srivastava added: ‘This collision of the ground plates changed everything. A high Himalayan mountain range came into being, which stopped the monsoon winds from entering the area. As a result, the lush region of Ladakh turned into a dry and icy desert. The rain can no longer reach these dry mountains.

Right Now Times: On this basis, we can say that the beginning of this region was in the form of confrontation and competition. And since then, Ladakh has been a unique center of conflict.

These things belong to a time when history did not even begin, now let us know about the history of this region.

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Right Now Times: Players have changed

Right Now Times: In 1834, Gulab Singh, a Dogra warrior, captured Ladakh and annexed the area to the Sikh Empire under Ranjit Singh.

Historian Christopher Snyden, in his book Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris, described Gulab Singh’s capture of Ladakh as a “significant achievement”. And the reason for this was that the occupation of the area enabled Ranjit Singh to gain control over the wool trade from the local sheep and goats.

Right Now Times: The area was briefly occupied by Tibet and Chinese forces, but was soon recaptured in 1842, and when Ranjit Singh became Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir in 1846, he ceded the area to his empire. Made a regular part.

101 years after this incident, two newly formed states, Pakistan and India, fought for control of Ladakh.

India and China have not clashed over ownership of the region since 1950.

I have met the former Deputy Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army, Lieutenant General SK Patial, who considers Ladakh the best and retired in 2018. The idea of ​​increasing tensions on the Line of Actual Control (LAC) between India and China is gaining strength after the names of other areas, including the area and Damchok, came to light. What does Ladakh look like in all this?

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Right Now Times: “If you stand in India and look at China, East Ladakh looks like a bowl to you, while on the left is the highest point of the Karakoram, the valley of Daulat Beg Oldi and the Gulwan,” he said.

Beyond that is Lake Pengong. And as you move to the right, you come down and the area up to Dum Chowk is quite level, but after Dum Chowk, the ascent starts again. Like in a bowl. ‘

General Patel is heading the 14th Corps of the Indian Army in Layyah, a corps aimed at defending India against both China and Pakistan.

Right Now Times: What are the difficulties in army deployment and activities in Ladakh?

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Right Now Times: “Suffice it to say that military deployment in some areas of eastern Ladakh is as difficult as on the Siachen Glacier,” he said. In fact, I remember in the area of ​​Daulat Beg Oldi where you can’t stand for more than a few minutes in the open because of the strong and cold wind in both winter and summer.

Lt. Gen. Patial said, “It is very difficult to live in the vicinity of a few valleys of Ladakh, especially in summer, as in the Indus Valley. The Shivak Valley is more difficult than the Indus Valley.

At such an altitude, human endurance, including all things, is severely tested. For example, a person’s ability to carry weight, dig defensive trenches and fronts takes a lot of time because the whole area is rocky. Where under normal circumstances this work takes a few hours, here it can take seven to eight days. It is not easy to take machinery there.

Right Now Times: When I asked former Lieutenant General DS Hooda about the topography of the region, he called it a hoax. But why?

“For example, if you take the plains of Dapsang in the north, for a moment you will understand that it is like any other plain in the country, and you can drive your car there comfortably,” he said. Yes, but in fact you are at an altitude of 16-17 thousand feet and a slight negligence while driving at such an altitude can cause you great harm.

Right Now Times: Dipsang field

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Right Now Times: India’s most difficult advance landing ground is in the Daulat Beg Oldi area.

The Indian Air Force considers the base to be the tallest in the world at 16,300 feet, and has landed several aircraft over the past decade, demonstrating the expertise of the Indian Air Force .

General Hooda added: “As you move south in this region, you are confronted with areas like the Gulwan Valley where a narrow river flows and this valley is also narrow. Going further, you enter the Indus Valley because the river Indus is big, so this valley is also quite wide. The Damchok area is even further.

“The mountains of Ladakh have their own identity,” he says. These are no ordinary mountains. The distance from the plains of the valley to the top of the mountain is not found anywhere else. This whole area is located at every height. Lake Pangong Tso is located at an altitude of 14,000 feet. In some areas of Kargil, we fought against the intruders at this height.

The Finger Complex is on the north side of the lake. They look like small hills and mounds from a distance, but their height is higher than the lake.

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The border can how the area?

Right Now Times: “The Tibetan plateau on the Chinese side is relatively plain, but there is no difference in height,” he says. ‘

I was curious about the Finger Area name and the area.

“The mountain range on the north shore of Lake Pangong and where we patrol, and from there when we look at the lake, these hills and mountains look like our fingers,” said General Patel. That is why this area is called Finger Area.

He said that their total number is eight so we have named them I8.

Right Now Times: The point here is that we have a road up to finger four, while China has a road up to finger eight. However, this area is disputed so we do not allow Chinese troops to come there and we are not allowed to go there either.

But both China and India agree on one thing. “We both call this area the ‘Finger Area’ and it’s been a long time coming,” says Hooda.

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