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Ladakh border dispute: What does it mean for Indian and Chinese forces to retreat in Gulwan?

Right Now Times : Tensions on the eastern Ladakh border between India and China are currently easing. Both India and China say they have agreed to reduce tensions.

On Monday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Xiao Lijian said: “Chinese and Indian troops held the third round of commander-level talks on June 30. The two sides agreed to implement the agreement reached earlier in the two rounds of Commander-level talks and we have taken effective measures to reduce border tensions.

Right Now Times : This raises many questions. The first important question is, if the Indian Army was on its own soil, why is it retreating?

What happened in the end?

Right Now Times : Indian officials told the BBC on Monday that the Chinese army had begun withdrawing from the areas of Gulwan, Gogra and Hot Springs.

It is being said that the soldiers are no longer in the position that was formerly called ‘I Ball to I Ball situation’. But work to reduce tensions is still limited. Officials said the work is underway at three locations: Gloucester, Gogra and Hot Springs.

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Right Now Times : The official who briefed the BBC made it clear that he was not talking about Depsang or Pengong Tsu Lake. Another officer said: “Tents and temporary structures are being removed from both sides and the troops are retreating.”

Right Now Times : “This is the beginning of a process that was decided at a meeting of the commanders of both sides on June 30 in Chasol,” he said.

“Both sides have agreed to reduce tensions on the border and are withdrawing their troops,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Xiao Lijian told reporters in Beijing on Monday, according to AFP.

Right Now Times : Last Sunday, India’s National Security Adviser Ajit Dobhal and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi had a telephone conversation. Chinese Ambassador to India Sun Weidong has since released details of the talks.

Ajit Dobhal and Chinese Foreign Minister
Right Now Times : India’s National Security Adviser Ajit Dobhal and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi have agreed on the following four points.
  1. The agreement reached between the two countries will be implemented. The two agreed to work together for a long time for peace as well as development in the border areas.
  2. The two countries will work together to reduce border tensions in accordance with the agreement.
  3. The two sides will improve communication through dialogue between the special envoys. The working mechanism for consultation and coordination on border issues between India and China will be regularly improved. This will strengthen mutual trust between the two sides.
  4. The recent Commander-in-Chief meeting between the two sides welcomed the consensus. At a commander-level meeting on July 1, the two sides agreed to reduce border tensions.

Right Now Times : At the same time, the Indian Ministry of External Affairs has said in its official statement that the two sides should complete the ongoing disengagement process on the LAC (Line of Actual Control) as soon as possible.

But amid statements and positive news of a move towards peace, the Indian Foreign Ministry has not given a clear answer to the question of whether Indian troops are also withdrawing on the basis of the agreement.

Right Now Times : And if that’s the case, then why is it that Chinese troops are not retreating from Pengong Tsu Lake? Chinese troops are also present in the Depsang area.

India, China

Why are Chinese troops retreating to Gloucester?

The first question is why Chinese troops are retreating to the Gwalior region.

Prem Shankar Jha, a senior journalist and author of several books on China, says the answer lies in Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Leh.

Right Now Times : He said: “One thing is clear about China, they understand the signals very well. Prime Minister Narendra Modi went to Leh and encouraged his army, but he did not name China. China has taken it to mean that India does not want a war. In diplomacy the signs are very light and have to be understood. China understands this signal, but we must understand that this is not the end of the matter, but a beginning.

On the other hand, JNU Professor Sowarn Singh, who oversees Sino-Indian relations, says that at the moment it can only be said that the two sides are showing an attitude of dialogue, nothing more.

Right Now Times : Sowran Singh said: “Talks are underway from the representatives of both the countries to the level of Brigade Commander and Corps Commander on the Ladakh border. Both sides say they believe in dialogue. But at the same time, the influx of troops and military equipment continues. Therefore, the situation will remain ambiguous and tense until a statement is issued by the government. At present, the situation is what doctors call ‘stable but critical’. But the danger remains.

Gulwan Valley

Why are there Chinese troops in Pengong Tsu and Deepsang?

Right Now Times : There has been a positive trend from social media to media reports ever since news of the widening gap between Indian and Chinese troops in the Gulwan Valley was received. But Prem Shankar Jha believes it should not be seen as an end to the problem because Chinese troops have not yet retreated from the Depsang and Pengong areas.

He said: ‘His presence in Dipsang shows that he is very concerned about Karakoram. According to the military strategy, China has consolidated its position in the area of ​​Lake Pengong, which it has claimed so far. And he will not back down until a new understanding is reached between the two countries.

Right Now Times : Prem Shankar Jha, author of India and China, says that the Chinese army has captured Finger 4 in the area of ​​Pengong Lake, which they used to claim. At the same time, India claims up to 8 fingers. In this way, China has consolidated its position in the four mountain ranges that have hitherto been disputed territories. In such a situation, Modi rightly said that the Chinese Indians have not come to the border because the place where they came is a disputed place.

India, China

What was the difference in ground conditions in three months?

Right Now Times : Geographically, the presence of Chinese troops in the Deepsang Plains and Lake Pengog is stronger than ever, but Prem Shankar Jha believes that the issue should not be viewed solely from the point of view of land occupation. ۔

Right Now Times : “Both countries have no shortage of land,” he said. In such a situation, it would not be appropriate to see how many steps have been taken in relation to the land. I think it should be seen as a strategic message. Mutual understanding between India and China was much better before 2014. But in the last few years, the actions of the Indian government have gripped China, forcing it to take such steps.

Right Now Times : Explaining his point, Prem Shankar Jha said: “Decisions by the Government of India on Article 370 of the Constitution, making Ladakh a central region and including Aksai Chin in it by issuing a new map are some of the decisions that China has taken.” Passed unnoticed Since then, China has been concerned about the security of its economic project, SEPAC, with Pakistan, as it has invested so much in it that if Western countries ever block the sea route for its trade goods, it will Goods could be delivered through this backdoor.

But with India’s recent activities, the future of China’s ambitious plan looks bleak. That is why China was sending signals in the past that all this is not going well and now it is a military signal. Is sending. ‘

Gulwan Valley

Why is India retreating?

Right Now Times : Bishop Adhikari, a professor of political science at Tribhuvan University in Nepal and an expert on international affairs, believes that international pressure could be one of the reasons behind the Indian Army’s retreat.

Right Now Times : The official said: “Ola, I do not believe that what is being reported in the media about Gluan is completely correct. But even if it is assumed for a moment that this is happening, then in my opinion international pressure may be responsible. One of the reasons may be that India wants to understand its military capabilities, which is why the Indian government can take such steps.

“At the moment, the whole subcontinent is in a state of stalemate and this is not in anyone’s favor,” he said. And should the world’s two largest economies and the coming superpowers collide? Both countries know this.

Right Now Times : “Given the current situation, it seems that India-China relations are at a standstill and there may be many turning points in the future.”

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